Appendix A. Great
Scientists Who Were Also Creationists
by Timothy R. Stout
Abstract: Many major fields of science were founded by
Bible-believing Christians. A number of these are listed and discussed.
Newton, Faraday, Kelvin, and Maxwell, who are among the greatest
physicists in history, were all Bible-believing Christians.
This is Appendix A of a book. For the complete Index: Enter
Revised March 17, 1997
Many of the major fields of science were founded by Christians. This
information was taken from the book Men of Science, Men of God by Henry
M. Morris, Ph.D.
1. Johann Kepler (1571-1630) was the founder of
physical astronomy. Kepler wrote "Since we astronomers are priests
of the highest God in regard to the book of nature, it befits us to be
thoughtful, not of the glory of our minds, but rather, above all else,
of the glory of God.
2. Robert Boyle (1627-1691) is credited with being the father of
modern chemistry. He also was active in financially supporting the
spread of Christianity through missions and Bible translations.
3. Blaise Pascal (1623-1662) was one of the greatest early
mathematicians, laid the foundations for hydrostatics, hydrodynamics,
differential calculus, and the theory of probability. To him is
attributed the famous Wager of Pascal, paraphrased as follows: "How
can anyone lose who chooses to be a Christian? If, when he dies, there
turns out to be no God and his faith was in vain, he has lost
nothing--in fact, has been happier in life than his nonbelieving
friends. If, however, there is a God and a heaven and hell, then he has
gained heaven and his skeptical friends will have lost everything in
4. John Ray (1627-1705) was the father of English natural history,
considered the greatest zoologist and botanist of his day. He also wrote
a book, "The wisdom of God Manifested In The Works of
5. Nicolaus Steno (1631-1686) was the father of Stratigraphy. He
believed that fossils were laid down in the strata as a result of the
flood of Noah. He also wrote many theological works and late in his life
took up religious orders.
6. William Petty (1623-1687) helped found the science of statistics
and the modern study of economics. He was an active defender of the
Christian faith and wrote many papers sharing evidence of God's design
7. Isaac Newton (1642-1727) invented calculus, discovered the law of
gravity and the three laws of motion, anticipated the law of energy
conservation, developed the particle theory of light propagation, and
invented the reflecting telescope. He firmly believed in Jesus Christ as
his Savior and the Bible as God's word, and wrote many books on these
8. Carolus Linnaeus (1707-1778) was the father of biological
taxonomy. His system of classification is still in use today. One of his
main goals in systematizing the varieties of living creatures was an
attempt to delineate the original Genesis "kinds." He firmly
believed in the Genesis account as literal history.
9. Michael Faraday (1791-1867) was one of the greatest physicists of
all time, developed foundational concepts in electricity and magnetism,
invented the electrical generator, and made many contributions to the
field of chemistry. He was active in the various ministries of his
church, both private and public, and had an abiding faith in the Bible
and in prayer.
10. Georges Cuvier (1769-1832) was the founder of the science of
comparative anatomy and one of the chief architects of paleontology as a
separate scientific discipline. He was a firm creationist, participating
in some of the important creation/evolution debates of his time.
11. Charles Babbage (1792-1871) was the founder of computer science.
He developed information storage and retrieval systems, and used punched
cards for instruction sets and data sets in automated industrial
controls. He was also a Christian with strong convictions and wrote an
important book defending the Bible and miracles.
12. John Dalton (1766-1844) was the father of atomic theory, which
revolutionized chemistry. He was an orthodox, Bible-believing Christian.
13. Matthew Maury (1806-1873) was the founder of oceanography. He
believed that when Psalm 8:8 in the Bible talked about "paths in
the seas," that there must therefore be paths in the seas. He
dedicated his life to charting the winds and currents of the Atlantic
and was able to confirm that the sea did indeed have paths, just as
spoken of in the Bible.
14. James Simpson (1811-1879) discovered chloroform and laid the
foundation for anesthesiology. He said his motivation to perform the
research leading to this discovery was a fascination in the book of
Genesis with Adam's deep sleep during the time in which Eve was
fashioned from his side. He said his biggest discovery was finding Jesus
Christ as Savior.
15. James Joule (1818-1889) discovered the mechanical equivalent of
heat, laying the foundation for the field of thermodynamics. Joule also
had a strong Christian faith.
16. Louis Agassiz (1807-1873) was the father of glacial geology and a
great paleontologist. He believed in God and in His special creation of
every kind of organism. When Darwin's Origin began to gain favor,
Agassiz spoke out strongly against it.
17. Gregory Mendel (1822-1884) was the father of genetics. He had
strong religious convictions and chose the life of a monk. He was a
creationist and rejected Darwins's ideas, even though he was familiar
18. Louis Pasteur (1822-1895) was the father of bacteriology. He
established the germ theory of disease. His persistent objections to the
theory of spontaneous generation and to Darwinism made him unpopular
with the scientific establishment of his day. He was a Christian with
extremely strong religious convictions.
19. William Thompson, Lord Kelvin (1824-1907) is considered one of
the all-time great physicists. He established thermodynamics on a formal
scientific basis, providing a precise statement of the first and second
laws of thermodynamics. Lord Kelvin was a strong Christian, opposing
both Lyellian uniformitarianism and Darwinian evolution. In 1903,
shortly before his death, he made the unequivocal statement that,
"With regard to the origin of life, science...positively affirms
20. Joseph Lister (1827-1912) founded antiseptic surgical methods.
Lister's contributions have probably led to more lives being saved
through modern medicine than the contributions of any one else except
Pasteur. Like Pasteur, Lister was also a Christian and wrote, "I am
a believer in the fundamental doctrines of Christianity."
21. Joseph Clerk Maxwell (1831-1879) developed a comprehensive
theoretical and mathematical framework for electromagnetic field theory.
Einstein called Maxwell's contributions "the most profound and most
fruitful that physics has experienced since the time of Newton."
Maxwell rejected the theory of evolution and wrote that God's command to
man to subdue the earth, found in the first chapter of the book of
Genesis in the Bible, provided the personal motivation to him for
pursuing his scientific work. He acknowledged a personal faith in Jesus
Christ as Lord and Savior.
22. Bernhard Riemann (1826-1866) developed the concept of
non-Euclidian geometry, which was used by Einstein in his development of
the theory of relativity. Riemann was also a Christian and had hoped to
go into the ministry until he got sidetracked by his interest in
mathematics. He apparently made several efforts to prove the validity of
the book of Genesis using mathematical principles.
23. Joseph Henry Gilbert (1817-1901) was a chemist who developed the
use of nitrogen and superphosphate fertilizers for farm crops and
co-developed the world's first agricultural experimental station. He
thus laid the foundations for the advances in agricultural science which
have provided the means for farmers to feed the large populations in the
world today. Gilbert is yet another scientist with a strong faith and
demonstrated this by signing the Scientist's Declaration, in which he
affirmed his faith in the Bible as the Word of God and expressed his
disbelief in and opposition to Darwin's theories.
24. Thomas Anderson (1819-1874) was one of the initial workers in the
field of organic chemistry, discovering pyridine and other organic
bases. Like Gilbert, he also signed the Scientist's Declaration, in
which he affirmed his faith in the scientific accuracy of the Bible and
the validity of the Christian faith.
25. William Mitchell Ramsay (1851-1939) was among the greatest of all
archeologists. He acquired "liberal" theological beliefs
during his days as a university student. However, as he began to make
various archaeological discoveries in Asia Minor, he began to see that
archaeology confirmed the accuracy of the Bible and as a result he
became converted to Christianity.
26. John Ambrose Fleming (1849-1945) was the inventor of the Fleming
valve which provided the foundation for subsequent advances in
electronics. He studied under Maxwell, was a consultant to Thomas
Edison, and also for Marconi. He also had very strong Christian beliefs
and acted on those beliefs by helping found an organization called the
"Evolution Protest Movement." He wrote a major book against
the theory of evolution.
27. Werner Von Braun (1912-1977) was the father of space science. He
wrote, ."..the vast mysteries of the universe should only confirm
our belief in the certainty of its Creator. I find it as difficult to
understand a scientist who does not acknowledge the presence of a
superior rationality behind the existence of the universe as it is to
comprehend a theologian who would deny the advances of science."
28. Albert Einstein (1879-1955), formulator of the theory of
relativity, which is one of the single greatest intellectual
accomplishments in the history of man. Einstein was Jewish and thus did
not follow in the Christian tradition of Newton or Faraday. He did not
believe in a personal God, such as is revealed even in the Jewish Bible.
Yet, he was overwhelmed by the order and organization of the universe
and believed this demonstrated that there was a Creator.
So, many if not most of the major branches of science were founded by
Bible-believing Christians. As a physicist I also find it intriguing
that the five greatest physicists in history--Newton, Faraday, Thompson,
Maxwell, and Einstein--were each outspoken in their belief that the
universe was placed here by a Creator. Furthermore, four of the five
were staunch Christians with firm convictions that the Bible is the
authoritative Word of God.